Choosing a wine to drink for different celebrations is easy; both red and white wines taste good, and going for either is never a wrong decision.
Wines yield many health benefits when consumed in moderation. Many studies can back that up. Whether you’re a fitness enthusiast or a curious individual, knowing which is healthier can impact the way you choose wines. So, which is better: red or white wine?
How Are Wines Made?
Before getting into the nitty-gritty details, it’s beneficial to be aware of how wine is made to understand the distinction between red and white wines.
Wines are made by fermenting grape juice. Grapes are crushed in a press — the machine used to remove the skin, seeds, stems, and other grape sediments — and stored in containers to ferment naturally. Winemakers, however, still use yeast to regulate the process. During fermentation, the natural sugars in grape juice turn into alcohol.
The question then is: what’s the difference between red and white wine production?
To produce white wine, grapes are pressed before being fermented. Red wine, on the other hand, is produced by pressing the grapes after fermentation. As a result, red wine is richer in plant compounds, such as resveratrol and tannins, from the grape skin. White wine also contains such compounds, but they are much lower in amount.
Some types of grapes used for making red wine are: Merlot, Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Grenache, and Gamay. For white wine, some grapes used are: Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio, Verdicchio, and Viognier.
Red vs. White Wine
Studies show that red and white wines have similar nutrition profiles. As far as nutrients are concerned, they are neck and neck. This means that whether you choose red wine or white wine, you’ll get the same nutrients.
So, which should you choose: red wine or white wine? While white wine has a lower calorie content, red wine is found to have more vitamins and minerals because of its plentiful plant compounds — this gives red wine a slight edge.
Benefits of Drinking Wine
Many studies have proven the benefits of drinking wine in moderation. Whether you choose red wine or white wine, you’ll get the following health benefits:
1. Heart Health Benefits
Numerous studies have proven the benefits of alcohol consumption when it comes to heart health. A study published in 2001 showed that drinking wine is linked to having a 25-40% reduction in the risk of having heart disease.
The findings of one study published in 1995 showed that people who drank wine in little to moderate amounts were less likely to die due to stroke or heart disease. The result was in comparison to those who drank other types of alcohol.
2. Cholesterol Level Improvement
People with high cholesterol levels, linked to diabetes and other cardiovascular diseases, can also benefit from drinking moderate amounts of wine. One study proved that wine consumption can improve the levels of cholesterol in the body.
3. Neuroprotective Properties
Another benefit of moderate wine consumption is the risk reduction of developing neurodegenerative diseases — such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and dementia. According to a 2012 study, you will also be less likely to suffer from cognitive decline when you moderately drink wine.
4. Other Health Benefits
Another health benefit you can get from drinking wine is a reduced risk of developing certain diseases. One review titled “Resveratrol: A Review of Pre-clinical Studies for Human Cancer Prevention” showed that wine drinkers are less likely to have lung cancer.
A case-control study also showed that people who drank wine were less susceptible to both knee and hip osteoarthritis. In contrast, the findings of this case-control study also explained that people who drank beer were more likely to have the previously mentioned diseases.
Since red wine is known to contain high levels of resveratrol, you can benefit more from drinking it. Here are some of the proven health benefits of consuming resveratrol:
- Joint Pain Relief – When the cartilage is damaged, friction in the joints increases. According to one study published in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences, resveratrol prevents damage in the cartilage. Another study titled “Effects of Resveratrol in Inflammatory Arthritis” yielded the same results.
- Insulin Sensitivity Increase – Resveratrol increases a person’s insulin sensitivity. It also helps control the glucose levels in the body. In one study published in the Journal of the Society for Biomedical Diabetes Research, complications brought about by diabetes were prevented when observed in animals. This proves that resveratrol may potentially benefit diabetic people as well.
Drink the Best Wines
Many people are only familiar with the heart health benefits of drinking wine. However, wines — whether red wine or white wine — offer so much more than that. With the nutrients derived from fermented grape juice, it’s no surprise that drinking wine in moderation yields many health benefits.
At Village Warehouse Wine & Spirits, we provide high-quality wines, beers, and other spirits. Check out our products by visiting our liquor store in Avon, Colorado. For inquiries, call us at (970) 949-5999. We will be glad to assist you.